If you need to plant trees that will provide shade for your home or yard and you need fast growing trees, here is a list you can choose from. Each tree listed has information on the height of the trees as they grow. Remember anytime you plant a new tree it will need to be carefully taken care of during the first few months after transplant. One of the most important thing you can do is water your tree regularly and deeply especially during drought stress.
Fast Growing Trees
1. Empress otherwise called Princess Tree (paulownia): The Empress tree grows very quickly and can reach a height of 10- 15 feet within a year. In 3 years it can reach of height of 35-50 feet, which is almost its mature height. It produces beautiful fragrant purple blooms.
2. Hybrid poplars (populus deltoides): Popular shade tree which is frequently grown in yards to improve property values. This tree grows up to 8- 10 feet each year, and can reach 30 or 40 feet by the time it reaches 3 years. It will grow to a matured height of 50 to 70 feet.
3. Nuttall Oak (quercus nuttalli): This is the fastest growing of all oak trees and its mature height is 50 feet. It reaches a height of 7 to 8 feet each year and stands at 25 to 30 feet in the third year.
4. Eucalyptus tree (eucalyptus polyanthemos): This tree is known for its fragrant leaves. For the first year, it height is between 6 to 8 feet. At the third year, it is about 20 to 30 feet tall and stands at 40 feet at maturity.
5. Weeping willow (salix babylonica): Grows easily in several soil and damp conditions. Within the first year it will reach a height of 4 to 8 feet, growing 15 to 30 feet tall in three years. This beautiful tree sways and dances in the wind. At maturity it stands at 40 to 50 feet tall. Its love for water causes its roots to sink deep searching for pipes underground and sewage systems.
6. American Sycamore (platanus occidentalis); Grows about 6 feet each year and will attain a height of 20 t0 25 feet in the third year. It sheds it barks to reveal a beautiful trunk. However, you may find cleaning up an unpleasant chore. It produces fruits in winter which have the resemblance of Christmas ornaments. To grow to its mature height of 70 feet, The American Sycamore needs lots of room.
7. Tulip Poplar (Liriodendron Tulipifera): Produces bright yellow leaves in autumn and creates thick shade of up to 6 feet each year. By the third year it should be about 15 to 20 feet tall, maturing at a height of 70 feet. The fragrant flowers it produces during spring are usually high and can hardly be seen. Other varieties can grow to more than 150 feet.
8. Red Mulberry (morus rubra): Produces reddish-purple fruit that are edible for humans, small mammals and birds. Growing at 4 to 6 feet each year, the tree reaches about 15- 20 feet tall by year 3. At maturity it stands at 40 to 60 feet tall and has an expansive spreading crown.
9. Common Sycamore (platanus occidentalis): Grows quickly at 5 feet each year, and by year 3 will reach 15 to 20 feet. The unique fruits it produces during spring, usually remain on naked branches into winter. This tree is a common prey to several diseases. As it sheds its bark, it shows panels of brown, cream, grey and white which create an appealing look.
10. Quaking Aspen (populus tremuloides): This tree grows as much as 5 feet every year and by year 3 will reach 15 to 20 feet tall. At maturity it stands at 40 to 50 feet tall. It is so named because the rounded leaves which are dull green below and shiny green on the top sparkles in the least breeze. The catkins, which it produces, are approximately 4 inches long. These mature in spring. The Quaking Aspen is the most commonly dispersed tree in North America.