Starting A Vegetable Garden
Choosing a vegetable garden site is very important. The site should receive at least 6 hours of direct sunlight (although the attorney dui riverside more light the better). The site should also be near a water supply and accessible to the gardeners. Loam soil is most desirable. If the garden site does not have loam, the soil structure can be modified over time by adding compost or organic matter. The site should also be free from rubble and debris, should be relatively free of pollutants and away from pollution sources.
The shape of a garden area can have an effect on how easy it is to manage. If the garden area is to be tilled and cultivated each year with a power tiller, consider a rectangular shaped garden. A longer garden means less turning and re-aligning of the tiller. Gardens that will be worked only by hand tools may be square in shape. If the garden site has shape limitations then a compromise between efficient use of space and ease of tilling must be made.
Double Digging Double digging is an extremely labor intensive technique that can be used to prepare a small garden site and is most effective on heavier loam or clay soils. Preparing a garden site in this manner will maximize rooting depths of plants and generic overnight viagra enhance percolation of water through the soil. The technique consists of digging a trench about 8-10 inches deep across one end of the garden. Place this top soil at opposite end of the garden. It will later be used to fill the last trench. Loosen the soil in the best price viagra australia bottom of the newly dug trench to a depth of 8-10 inches. Incorporate organic matter/compost into the trench. Dig a new trench immediately next to the first trench and deposit the top soil into the first trench. Continue this process until the entire garden site has been tilled. Place the top soil from the first trench into the last trench after the bottom soil in the trench is prepared.
The double digging technique is not recommended for sandy soils as they generally allow good root penetration. Incorporation of organic materials such as compost or green manure crops will benefit sandier soils by increasing moisture retention in the soil.
Broad Forks are soil preparation tools that provide good seedbed preparation for small gardens while minimizing mixing of the soil layers. The tines of the tool are pushed into the ground and rotated backwards, breaking up and loosening the credit checking companies soil.
A new garden site can be successfully developed by direct tilling the existing sod. Initial site preparation can include moldboard plowing the site followed by rototilling. The soil must not be wet during any tillage operation. Tilling wet soil will damage the soil structure, affecting the soil’s productivity. Garden sites can also be successfully developed by rototilling alone. Creating a garden site in an area of existing sod cover will require multiple passes of the rototiller. In general a 5 HP tiller, as a minimum, will be required. The initial tillage pass should be shallow, approximately 1-2 inches deep. Subsequent passes of about 2 inches in depth should be performed until the soil is tilled to a depth of 6-8 inches.
Till-less gardens can be an effective method for developing a new garden site. In general this method is reserved for smaller garden areas because of increased labor requirements and higher initial costs. Try to select a site that has good soil conditions as described above. A till-less garden is just what the name implies — the garden soil is left undisturbed during initial establishment of the garden. 1. Begin by mowing all vegetation as close to the ground as possible. 2. Place newspapers 10-15 pages thick directly over the mowed area. Be sure to overlap the subaction showcomments viagra smile online newspapers 3-4 inches to prevent weeds from growing between the pages. 3. Spread compost, top soil or well-rotted manure to a depth of 4-6 inches over the entire newspaper area. 4. Plant garden seeds in the prepared garden bed. Depending on the source of topsoil or rotted manure, there may be weed issues to deal with during the first year of establishing a till-less garden. Solarization, mulch and/or cover crops can be used to reduce weed pressure. Planting the new garden site to fast growing, large-leafed, shade-producing plants such as pumpkins or winter squash can help suppress weeds.
Some gardeners prepare a garden site and size it based on available space. Gardens can also be sized to accommodate production of an estimated amount of food a family will consume in a year. If garden space is limited or if there is uncertainty on how large of a garden to make, it may be useful to calculate the garden area required based on vegetable production goals. Plan a mix of vegetable varieties and space allocation in the garden to suit personal preferences and quantities of produce desired.
Soil testing of the garden site is essential. Soil tests provide valuable information about fertility and payday loans san antonio pH and provide the basis for fertilizer and liming recommendations. Plan on soil testing the multi payday loan season before the garden is planted, preferably before the ground freezes. This allows for planning of fall applications of nutrients and lime to prepare the garden site for spring planting. Another benefit of fall testing is that fertilizer prices are more likely to be discounted during that season.
An additional consideration is the orientation of the garden rows. Rows oriented north - south will receive more even exposure to the sun, minimizing the effects of plant shading. Attention needs to be paid to the slope of the garden area and the potential for erosion. Protection from soil erosion should take precedence over orienting rows for sun exposure. The use of organic mulches on erosion-prone sites may allow row orientation for maximum sun exposure.
Compost is an excellent fertilizer for the home garden. Compost can be produced at your own home from vegetable scraps, lawn clippings and other organic material. Inclusion of waste meat products is not recommended as it will tend to draw wildlife scavengers. Commercial composed manure fertilizers are available at many local feed and seed stores. Livestock manure makes excellent fertilizer but use of this material may import many weed seeds. Composting the manure for a year or two will greatly reduce the number of viable weed seeds in the manure.
If a new garden site is being established in sod that has just been tilled it is wise to spend a year or two on weed control before vegetables are planted.
A good strategy for initial weed control is to establish a smother crop. Plant buckwheat by broadcasting 1 lb. of seed per 1,000 sq. ft of garden area. After seeding, lightly rake in the seed to a depth of ½ to 1 inch. Plant buckwheat between May 15th to June 15th in the Great Lakes region. Till the buckwheat into the soil at first flower. Keep the garden area tilled weekly for 1-2 weeks and plant cereal rye between September 1-15 as a smother crop at a rate of 1 lb. of seed per 1,000 sq. ft. After seeding, lightly rake in the seed to a depth of ½-1 inch. Till the rye into the soil the following spring when it reaches 4-5 inches in height or 2-3 weeks before the planned vegetable seed planting date. Repeat the entire smother crop rotation a second year if the weed problem is severe. Cereal rye has allelopathic properties that retard or prevent plant growth. It is essential that seeding be delayed at least two weeks for large seeded crops such as squash, beans or corn to be assured residual allelopathic effects have diminished. Small seeded vegetable planting should be delayed three weeks after cereal rye is tilled in.
Soil solarization can be an effective method of weed control for smaller garden areas. Place clear plastic over the tilled garden area in the spring until mid- summer. Anchor the edges of the plastic down by burying the edges in a shallow trench to protect from the wind. An effective variation of this method is to first plant buckwheat at the rates mentioned above. Till the buckwheat in at first flower and cash advance online then place the plastic over the garden area. In both instances, leave the plastic in place for about 1-2 months. Solarizing also helps control soil borne diseases and pests.
The use of straw mulch can be an effective way of controlling weeds on a new or existing garden plot. Several types of straw mulch including, rye, wheat, oats, and barley are effective and generally are available in the Great Lakes area. Straw mulches are available in late summer from area farmers. Straw used for mulch in the garden should be clean and free of weed plants and seed. A visual inspection of a straw bale can give a good indication of the straw quality. Break open a bale of straw and examine it. The bale should only contain stems and leaves of the grain plant. The presence of broadleaf or grass 6 plants indicate that the straw is contaminated with weed seed and should not be used. Organic mulches break down over time and generic viagra melt tabs become a valuable source of organic matter for the garden soil.
There are a number of plastic garden weed barrier mulches on the market. Plastics provide excellent weed control and can enhance growth of plants through the soil warming effects of some of the mulches. The use of plastic mulches generally requires the use of a trickle irrigation system to deliver water to the plants. Plastic mulches generally only last a year or two depending on how they are used. Proper disposal of used plastic mulch must be considered. Recycling of plastic mulches is generally not an option.
Decide which vegetables you would like to plant and whether you want only enough to eat fresh or enough for extra to preserve. Review the suggested quantities needed per person and compare with your own family. Adjust down or up based on your family’s likes and dislikes.